CHIANTI


CHIANTI WINE AREA :
The word Chianti derives from Clante, a typical Etruscan name. In fact, remains of Etruscans tombs have proved
the civilization developed in this very area in the 7th century, thanks above all to the great number of
streets that connected it to other places in Central Italy. In the following period, the area was inhabited by
the Ancient Romans, who preferred to live in the countryside and rely on agriculture. From this moment
onwards, farmhouses became the new typical buildings and narrow streets replaced the larger ones for a
matter of practicality. So, in 150 AD the Roman emperor Cassius Longuius ordered the construction of the Via Cassia, a road
which connects Etruria to Rome. The emperor Hadrian, in 123 AD, ordered to add a street to link Siena and Florence; it is still used to reach the Chianti Region as well as to avoid the clearway. In the 8th century the Lombards started
creating farms and sale, stockrooms where landowners kept yields and tool. Moreover, they started erecting castles
and strongholds to defend themselves from further French attacks. But finally the French succeeded in taking control
over the Chianti and many French families moved to this area. In the 10th century, the Church decided to divide
Tuscany into parishes, giving birth to several parish churches and chapels. Churches that were able to baptize
babies would also have administrative function, for example they kept registers of births and deaths; this was
obviously crucial to people living in the countryside. As the number of people grew, agriculture and manufacturing
began picking up, so that farmers and artisans started to gather and move to the former courts (turned into
fortresses). The main battles were obviously the ones between Siena and Florence, both willing to grab the Chianti
territory. For this reason, between 1100 and 1200, endless conflicts took place all over the region and new
boundaries,castles and churches sprang up. Finally, a peace deal was closed in Poggibonsi in 1203, when a treaty
between Siena and Florence was signed in the presence of the Poggibonsese podestà as a special eye-witness.
In 1306 several communes and parish
churches formed the Chianti League (Lega del Chianti), a defensive alliance concerning 72 parishes such
as Panzano, Spaltenna, San Polo in Rosso, Santa Maria Novella and San Leonino (roughly
the territorie that today fall under Radda,
Castellina and Gaiole in Chianti). In 1774, thanks to the Grand Duke Pietro Leopoldo, they all became
free cities. The symbol of the Chianti League was a black rooster on a red and gold background. The earliest seat of the League was Castellina in Chianti, later they moved to Radda. Anyway, after the conflicts
the area appeared nearly uninhabited and decayed to the point that Leopoldo, after visiting some
cellars, wrote very bad reviews. Even if the Chianti Region did not profit from the resurrection period as
much as Florence, improvements were delivered in 1850, when Bettino Ricasoli pushed for an
agricultural development. In his Brolio Castle estate (Castello di Brolio), he
invented and testedfor the first time the crop rotation technique. He started to use
new tools as spades, but also fertilizers that allowed to obtain better products. The new techniques he used
were excellent to produce different varieties of grapes. We owe the FORMULA DEL CHIANTI CLASSICO
to Ricasoli, since he was the firs to discover that amix of different grapes (majority of
Sangiovese) produces an excellent product, the famous Chianti Classico wine.
Click to enlarge
Click to enlarge

Testimonials

  • Dra. Maristela Azevedo

    Hello, Silvia, how are you?
    I’d like to thank you for the great time you gave us!!!We loved everything!
    I told my husband that, the next time, we will rent an  apartment in San Gimignano…and you will take us to the wineries…He loved it!
    Thank you very much for everything. It was everything wonderful!!!... Read more
  • Jaime Otero y Jose Carlos Gonzalez Bonilla

    Silvia: mille grazie per un giorno magnifico! Ha stato benissimo. We really enjoyed your company and the enthusiasm you brought to the tour. When we get back to Puerto Rico, I will look for you on Facebook.
    Saludos,
    Jaime Otero y Jose Carlos Gonzalez Bonilla Read more
  • Shane Quintard

    Ciao Silvia!

    Grazie ancora per il grande tour di Siena e San Gimignano - io e mia moglie e amici aveva un grande momento e che era esattamente quello che speravamo! La cantina è stata una scelta eccellente, come pure! Abbiamo lasciato ieri (1 febbraio) e ha fatto arrivare a casa in modo sicuro, nonostante ... Read more
  • Carole Gaddis

    Hi Silvia,  It's so good to hear from you.  We're fine.  We had six days at home after Tuscany and then flew to South Korea for two weeks!  We've just returned, exhausted!
    We had such a great time with you, Silvia.  The tip could never be enough to show our appreciation for your kindness and help.  ... Read more
  • The British Institute of Florence

    Gentile Silvia,  La volevo ringraziare per la sua disponibilità riguardo la gita di sabato.  Le signore le hanno fatto tutte molti complimenti per la sua guida!
    Grazie e a presto,
    Cordiali saluti,
    Liz Read more
  • Mrs Elizabeth ( wedding Planner ) Original Tuscan Wedding

    Ciao Silvia,
    Ecco i complimenti dalle Sposi del 16 Ottobre!!
    Our driver Johnny was so awesome!  He drove us all over the Chianti region.  He took us to a few wineries and we had a private tour of one of the wineries including a wine tasting and oil tasting.  He even took us into a store with a cellar ... Read more
  • Mrs Sharon Bellsouth

    Yes of course I will for Sure.      You were great, Fantastic.    I told the Agency !!    Sharon Yukawa Leeds Read more
  • Daniel & Joelle Roberts

    Hello Silvia,  Joelle and I wanted to thank you for a great day last Friday.  We had such a relaxing and fun day.  Thank you for being
    our guide.  Our trip to Siena was very enjoyable. We took the 'rapida' bus from Firenze, and the 'diretta' for the return journey.
    It was good to see the countryside.  ... Read more
  • Mr Greg Cavallo

    Hope all is well with you.  The whole group misses you and talks fondly of you all the time.
    I just completed a survey about our experiences on our trip for Tuscany Now.  I mentioned your name and company website and what a great job you did for us.  I hope it gets you some new business from them. Read more